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Firouzabad

Firoozabad

فیروزآباد


Sassanid_Firouzabad_Ardeshir_Palace.jpg
Firouzabad is a historical site in Fars province of Iran. (Wikipedia) - Firuzabad, Fars   (Redirected from Firouzabad) This article is about the city in Fars Province, Iran. For other uses, see Firuzabad (disambiguation). Firuzabad فيروزآباد Country Province County Bakhsh Population (2006)  • Total Time zone  • Summer (DST)
city
Firuzabad
Coordinates: 28°50′38″N 52°34′15″E / 28.84389°N 52.57083°E / 28.84389; 52.57083Coordinates: 28°50′38″N 52°34′15″E / 28.84389°N 52.57083°E / 28.84389; 52.57083
 Iran
Fars
Firuzabad
Central
58,210
IRST (UTC+3:30)
IRDT (UTC+4:30)

Piruz Apad, today mostly pronounced as Firuz-Abad (Persian: پیروز آپاد‎ also Romanized as Pīrūzābād; anciently, Sassanid Middle Persian Ardasher-Khwarrah – اردشيرخوره, meaning "The Glory of Ardasher") is a city in and the capital of Firuzabad County, Pars Province (Persian Province), Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 58,210, in 12,888 families.

Firuzabad is located south of Shiraz. The town is surrounded by a mud wall and ditch.

Alexander of Macedonia destroyed the original city of Gōr. Centuries later, Ardashir I, founder of the Sassanid Dynasty, revived the city before it was ransacked during the Arab invasion of the seventh century.

Firuzabad is situated in a low-lying area of the region, so Alexander was able to drown the city by directing the flow of a river into the city. The lake he created remained until Ardashir I built a tunnel to drain it. He founded his new capital city on this site.

Ardeshir's new city was known as Khor Ardeshīr, Ardeshīr Khurah and Shāhr-ī Gōr. It had a circular plan so precise in measurement that the Persian historian Ibn Balkhi wrote it to be "devised using a compass". It was protected by a trench 50 meters in width, and was 2 kilometers in diameter. The city had four gates; to the north was the Hormoz Gate, to the south the Ardeshir Gate, to the east the Mithra Gate and to the west the Bahram Gate. The royal capital's compounds were constructed at the center of a circle 450 m in radius. At the center point of the city was a Zoroastrian fire temple 30 m high and spiral in design, which is thought to have been the architectural predecessor of the Great Mosque of Samarra of Iraq. (See satellite photo in the top right hand corner of the article.)

The city's importance was revived again in the reign of Azud al-Dawla of the Daylamite dynasty, who used the city as his frequent residence. It is at this time that the old name of the city—Gōr, was abandoned in favor of the new. In New Persian, spoken at the time, Gōr had come to mean "grave." King Azud al-Dawla, as the story goes, found it distasteful to reside in a "grave." Per his instruction, the city's name was changed to Peroz-abad, "City of Victory." Since then, the city has been known by variations of that name, to include Firuzabad (Middle Persian Fīrūzābād).

Among the attractions of the city are the Ghal'eh Dokhtar, the Palace of Ardeshir, and the fire temple tower among the remains of Gōr.

Tags:Arab, Ardashir I, Ardeshir, Balkhi, Dynasty, Fars, Fars Province, Firouzabad, Hormoz, Ibn, Iran, Iraq, Macedonia, Mithra, Persian, Samarra, Sassanid, Sassanid Dynasty, Shiraz, Wikipedia, Zoroastrian





See All 3 items matching Firouzabad in Media Gallery

Fars Province/Firouzabad: Sassanid king Ardeshir 1 (Babakan) Palace.also known as the Atashkadeh is a castle located on the slopes of the mountain on which Ghaleh Dokhtar is situated on Built in AD 224.
What is particularly interesting about Ardeshir Babakan Palace is that its architectural design does not exactly fall into that of the Parthians or even Sassanid category; the design is a unique design particular to architects of Fars/Persis.
Ardeshir Babakan Palace Firouzabad Persis

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