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Farmanfarmayan

فرمانفرمایان


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Farmanfarmayan is an Iranian family name. Prince Abbas Mirza Farmanfarmayan (1890–1935) Iranian prince of Qajar Dynasty was the second son of Prince Abdolhossein Mirza Farmanfarma and of Princess Ezzatoddoleh, the daughter of Mozaffaroddin Shah. He was named after his ancestor, Abbas Mirza.When in 1899, due to the intrigues of the Shah's entourage his father was exiled to Baghdad in Ottoman Mesopotamia, he sent his three elder sons to Beirut, to the College of Saint Joseph, A school administered by Jesuit fathers. At that time, Firooz was twelve years old, Abbas ten, and Mohammad Vali nine years old.Abdolhossein Mirza Farmanfarma had progressive ideas and believed that to lead Persia into the modern world; his children ought to study in European schools and universities as opposed to receiving a classical education. In 1903 Firooz left Beirut for the Lycee Janson de Sailly in Paris. A year later the two young princes still in Lebanon, set out for Europe, accompanied by a French tutor, monsieur Andre Montadon. At a stop in Constantinople, Mohammad Hossein, the fourth son of Farmanfarma, and a young cousin, Hossein Gholi, joined them for the journey.Abbas Mirza was a sensitive young man who appreciated nature and the human environment. He liked literature, the arts, photography, Italian operas, and history, though ultimately, he was destined for a military and political career. He was also fluent in English, French, and Arabic.The young princes toured a number of European countries before finally settling down. Abbas Mirza was sent to Harrow School, before training as an officer at the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, England. He also studied at the Universite de Liege. Finally, he spent a year with the French Alpine troops (Chasseurs Alpines), before returning to Persia. On his return he wrote a book in Persian entitled One year in the French Army (Published 1910) which was dedicated to the young king Ahmad Shah Qajar and his war minister, Azam.In 1911, Abbas Mirza married Zahra Soltan (Ezzatossaltaneh), daughter of Nezamossaltaneh. She was a young lady very much interested in the arts and a fluent French speaker. In the same year, Abbas Mirza became a member of the Persian delegation that was sent to London for the coronation of King George the Fifth. While in London, he found a book on the diplomatic relations between Persia and Napoleon which he then translated. The book was published in Tehran with the title: The relationship of Napoleon and Iran.Before the First World War, Abbas Mirza, who had been given the honorary title of Salar Lashgar (Army Chief), served as a member of the army General Headquarters in Tehran. He was the commanding officer of two battalions, the Nahavand and the Farahan. He also held the post of governor for the Hamadan provi

Tags:Abbas Mirza, Abdolhossein Mirza Farmanfarma, Ahmad Shah, Ahmad Shah Qajar, Arabic, Baghdad, Beirut, Constantinople, Dynasty, England, Ezzatoddoleh, Ezzatossaltaneh, Farmanfarma, Farmanfarmayan, French, Gholi, Hamadan, Iran, Iranian, Lebanon, London, Mesopotamia, Mirza, Mozaffaroddin Shah, Nahavand, Napoleon, Nezamossaltaneh, Ottoman, Paris, Persia, Persian, Qajar, Shah, Tehran




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