Erivan, or Eravan is the capital of
Armenia. Fortified since the 8th century BC and part of Armenestan province of
Iran since the 6th century BC, it developed as an important centre of the caravan trade. Over the centuries, it was ruled by many, including the Romans, Arabs, Turks, and
Russians, falling to the latter group in 1827. In 1920 it became the capital of independent Armenia and remained so during the period of
Soviet rule and after independence was restored.
Erivan is the capital and largest city of Armenia and one of the world's oldest continuously-inhabited cities. Situated along the Hrazdan River, Yerevan is the administrative, cultural, and industrial center of the country. It has been the capital since 1918, the thirteenth in the history of Armenia.
The history of Yerevan dates back to the 8th century BC, with the founding of the fortress of Erebuni in 782 BC by king Argishti I at the western extreme of the
Ararat plain. After
World War I, Yerevan became the capital of the Democratic Republic of Armenia as thousands of survivors of the
Armenian Genocide settled in the area. The city expanded rapidly during the 20th century as Armenia became one of the fifteen republics in the
Soviet Union. In fifty years, Yerevan was transformed from a town of a few thousand residents within the Russian Empire, to Armenia's principal cultural, artistic, and industrial center, as well as becoming the seat of national government.
Yerevan was named the 2012 World Book Capital by