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Damghan

Damqan

دامغان


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Damghan is known as the city of hundred gates.Damghan is a city in Semnan Province, Iran, 342 kilometres from Tehran on the high-road to Mashhad, at an elevation of 1,250 m. The city trades in pistachios and paper almonds, with very thin shells, which are famous throughout the country.Damghan was an important city in the middle Ages, and was the capital of the province of Qumis (Qoomes), but was destroyed by the Afghans in 1723. Few remnants of that time remain, such as the ruined Tarikhaneh mosque with a number of massive columns and wood carvings and two minarets of the 11th century. The remains of Hecatompylos lie to the southwest of the city, extending from Frat, 26 kilometers south of Damghan, to nearly 32 kilometers west. On an eminence in the western part of the city are the ruins of a large square citadel with a small white-washed building, called Molood Khaneh (the house of birth), in which Fathali Shah was born (1772). The Tarikhaneh (cA. 9th century), possibly the oldest known mosque in Iran, still stands in the city.To the southeast of the city there is ruin of a castle from the Sassanid now called Tappeh Hesar, which is thought to have been a garrison. After excavation in 1996, archeologists announced that the area ruins indicated three layers from three different eras. The oldest one dates back to 4000 BCE when the Aryans settled in the Iranian plateau.Despite 7,000 years history, Damghan has been forgotten beneath desert sand dunes, It is one of the most ancient urban metropolis in the Iranian plateau, with many historical monuments including Tappeh Hesar which belongs to the Median (728-550 BCE), Parthians (248-224 CE)) and Sassanid (224-651 CE) dynastic periods — the Tarikhaneh was built as a fire temple during the Sassanid dynasty and converted into a mosque after the advent of Islam - and many other historical buildings belonging to Seljuk’s and other periods.Historiographers ascribe the construction of Damghan to Hooshang, Kiomars' great grandson and the founder of the legendary Pishdadi dynasty. The historical town has inherited various names such as Qoomes was a province stretching from Sabzevar to Garmsar, from north up to Alborz Mountain Range and to the Lut Desert in the south. Up to the 1st century A.D., Damghan was the capital of that great province.During Macedonian Alexander invasion into Iran, the Greeks called it Hecatompylos ("hundred gates"). The Greeks called every big and important city Hecatompylos and they have recorded a similar big and bustling Egyptian city with that appellation.Of historical treasures in Damghan one must refer to the valuable Tappeh Hesar (City Wall Hill) which was constructed before the birth of Christ. Professor Hertzfeld (1931-1933) and Dr. Schmidt (1933-1938) were the first archaeologists who explored the Tappeh.Tappeh Hesar with several layers of civilizations is hiding a long history in its bosom. Part of the layers in the Tappeh belongs to the Medes dynasty which shared its civilization with Mesopotamia. Another layer covers the Achaemenid, Parthian and Seleucid periods. Tappeh Hesar achieved its peak of glory during the Seleucid and Part

Tags:Achaemenid, Alborz, Christ, Damghan, Egyptian, Fathali Shah, Garmsar, Hecatompylos, Iran, Iranian, Islam, Macedonian Alexander, Mashhad, Medes, Mesopotamia, Parthian, Sabzevar, Sassanid, Seleucid, Seljuk, Semnan, Shah, Tehran




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