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Damascus

دمشق ، شام


Syria_Seyyed_Hasan_Narollah_Bashar_Al_Assad_Ahmadinejad_2010.jpg
Capital of Syria : it has been an important population centre since antiquity, the world's oldest continuously inhabited city, it has evidence of civilizations from the 4th millennium BC. The first written reference to it is found in Egyptian tablets of the 15th century BC, and biblical sources refer to it as the capital of the Aramaeans. It changed hands repeatedly over the centuries, belonging to Assyria in the 8th century BC, then Babylon, Persia, Greece, and Rome. It remained under Roman control and successor state, the Byzantine Empire, until it fell to the Arabs in 635 AD. Damascus flourished as the capital of the Umayyad dynasty, and the remains of their Great Mosque still stand. Taken by the Ottoman Empire in 1516, it remained under Ottoman rule until it was occupied by France in 1920. It became part of independent Syria in 1946. Today the city is a flourishing trading centre, with many educational and scientific institutions. (Wikipedia) - Damascus, commonly known in Syria as Al Sham, and as the City of Jasmine, is the capital and the largest city of Syria and one of the country's 14 governorates. The Damascus Governorate is ruled by a governor appointed by the Minister of Interior. Damascus is a major cultural and religious center of the Levant. The city has an estimated population of 4,211,000 (2009 est.). Located in southwestern Syria, Damascus is the center of a large metropolitan area of 6 million people (2009). Geographically embedded on the eastern foothills of the Anti-Lebanon mountain range 80 kilometres (50 mi) inland from the eastern shore of the Mediterranean on a plateau 680 metres (2,230 ft) above sea-level, Damascus experiences a semi-arid climate due to the rain shadow effect. The Barada River flows through Damascus. First settled in the 2nd millennium BC, it was chosen as the capital of the Umayyad Caliphate from 661 to 750. After the victory of the Abbasid dynasty, the seat of Islamic power was moved to Baghdad. Damascus saw a political decline throughout the Abbasid era, only to regain significant importance in the Ayyubid and Mamluk periods. During Ottoman rule, the city decayed completely while maintaining a certain cultural prestige. Today, it is the seat of the central government and all of the government ministries. Damascus was chosen as the 2008 Arab Capital of Culture. Damascus For other uses, see Damascus (disambiguation). Damascus دمشق Damascus City landmarksDamascus Skyline Damascus University • Damascus Opera House Four Seasons Hotel and Barada River • National Museum • Umayyad Mosque Azm Palace • Maktab Anbar Nickname(s): City of Jasmin Damascus Coordinates: 33°30′47″N 36°17′31″E / 33.51306°N 36.29194°E / 33.51306; 36.29194 Country Syria Governorates Damascus Governorate, Capital City Government  • Governor Bishr Al Sabban Area  • City 105 km2 (41 sq mi)  • Urban 77 km2 (30

Tags:Abbasid, Arab, Assyria, Ayyubid, Babylon, Baghdad, Byzantine, Caliphate, Capital, Damascus, Egyptian, France, Governor, Greece, Islamic, Lebanon, Mamluk, Ottoman, Ottoman Empire, Persia, Roman, Rome, Syria, Umayyad, Wikipedia





See All 2 items matching Damascus in Media Gallery

The head of the Lebanese Shia Islamist movement Hezbollah, Seyyed Hasan Nasrollah, has made a rare public appearance in the Syrian capital, Damascus attending a dinner with Syrian President Bashar Al Assad and Iran's President, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.
A Map shows Iranian traveler Naser Khosrau's 7 years expedition of 19000 km from Marv on March, 6, 1046 visiting cities along the Caspian sea, Mesopotamia, Syria, Egypt and ended his journey after 7 years on Oct, 23, 1052.
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