Cube of Zoroaster
کعبه زرتشت ، بْن خانه،كُرناي خانه
The Cube of
Zoroaster: A building in Naghshe Rostam,
Pasargadae which is thought to be a temple from
Achaemenid era, however, it seems to be a wrong belief.
Herodotus and some other historians have recorded that unlike the
Persians did not use symbols of God and did not make places as temple as God is not containable in a body and that's why they used mountains and high places to worship God Ahuramazda.
Above cliffs in Naghshe Rostam where the Cube of Zoroaster is located there are rock reliefs that show Madisna ceremonies. The
Zoroastrian priests used to climb the stairs of the building and pray under the blue sky.
The Cube of Zoroaster was built during
Dariush the Great' reign. On top of the structure, there is a room 5.2m x 5.2m source of many guesswork. Some believe that the holy
Avesta written on 12,000 pieces of cow-skin was kept here. Others believe it was the resting place of
Bardia, son of
Cyrus the Great who was killed by
Cambyses. Another theory states that the sacred
Eternal Fire was kept here and that Zoroaster prayed in this place. Because of the similarity of its shape to
Kaaba, it’s called the Kaaba of Zoroaster. The word may have been driven from Persian. It is known that
Oman used to be called
Mecca in the
Achaemenid Empire and therefore some words may have circulated the
Arabian Peninsula before re-entering Persian with the Arab invasion in the 7th century.
The most convincing theory about the function of the Cube of Zoroaster was put forward by Reza Moradi Ghiyasabadi, an
Iranian researcher who proved that the building was the most advanced, and precise solar calendar in the world. The Cube of Zoroaster can determine details of days, and months of the year and show special solar occasions.
One of the most amazing facts about this building is that the builders must have had knowledge about many geographical and astronomical phenomenon such as leap years, path of the earth around the sun, etc more than 25 centuries ago, adding that Europeans believed that the earth was flat and still until 400 years ago.
Unfortunately, many such structures have been destroyed due to the fact that nomadic people thought of them as Fire Temples.