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Tehran_National_Front_Congress_1962.jpg
National lawmaking body of the United States (consisting of the Senate and the House of Representatives) (Wikipedia) - Congress This article is about the forum. For systems of government similar to the U.S. federal government, see presidential system. For other uses, see Congress (disambiguation).

A congress is a formal meeting of the representatives of different nations, constituent states, independent organizations (such as trade unions), or groups.

The term was chosen for the United States Congress to emphasize the status of each state represented there as a self-governing unit. Subsequent to the use of congress by the U.S. legislature, the term has been adopted by many states within unions, and by unitary nation-states in the Americas, to refer to their legislatures. Relationships in congress have historically proven to be controversial in any country, with a prime example transpiring in recent years between U.S. President Barack Obama and Speaker of the House John Boehner.

ContentsPolitical congress Congresses of nations

The following congresses were formal meetings of representatives of different nations:

Congresses within nations

Countries with Congresses and presidential systems:

Association congresses Historic congresses Other countries with Congresses Political parties and organizations

Congress is included in the name of several political parties, especially those in former British colonies:

Party congresses

Many political parties also have a party congress every few years to make decisions for the party and elect governing bodies. This is sometimes called a political convention.

Miscellaneous political congresses Labor congresses Non-political congresses Scientific congress

Congress is an alternative name for a large national or international academic conference.

For instance, the World Congress on Men's Health WCMH is an annual meeting on men's medical issues.

Athletic sports congress

Organizations in some athletic sports, such as bowling, have historically been named "congresses". The predecessors to the United States Bowling Congress, formed in 1995, were the male-only American Bowling Congress founded in 1895, and the female-only Women's International Bowling Congress founded in 1927, which combined in 1995 to form the USBC.

Chess congressChess congress

A Chess congress is a chess tournament, in one city, where a large number of contestants gather to play competitive chess over a limited period of time; typically one day to one week.

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