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Battle of Carrhae

نبرد حرّان ، جنگ کرخه


Parthia_Roma_Octavius_Flags_Battle_Carrhae.jpg
(53 BC) Battle that stopped the Roman invasion of Parthian Mesopotamia : Led by Crassus, who wanted a victory to balance those of his fellow triumvirs Pompey and Julius Caesar. With seven legions (about 44,000 men) but little cavalry, he was defeated in the desert by 10,000 mounted Parthian archers and was killed while trying to negotiate. His defeat damaged Roman prestige, and his death gave impetus to Caesar's quest for power. (Wikipedia) - The Battle of Carrhae, fought in 53 BC near the town of Carrhae, was a major battle between the Parthian Empire and the Roman Republic. The Parthian Spahbod Surena decisively defeated a Roman invasion force led by Marcus Licinius Crassus. It was the first of many battles between the Roman and Persian empires, and one of the most crushing defeats in Roman history. Crassus, a member of the First Triumvirate and the wealthiest man in Rome, had been enticed by the prospect of military glory and riches and decided to invade Parthia without the official consent of the Senate. Rejecting an offer from the Armenian King Artavasdes II to invade Parthia via Armenia, Crassus marched his army directly through the deserts of Mesopotamia. His army clashed with Surena's force near Carrhae, a small town in modern-day Turkey. Despite being heavily outnumbered, Surena's cavalry completely outmaneuvered the Roman heavy infantry, killing or capturing most of the Roman soldiers. Crassus himself was killed when truce negotiations turned violent. His death led to the end of the First Triumvirate and the resulting civil wars between Julius Caesar and Pompey. Battle of Carrhae Battle of Carrhae Part of the Roman–Parthian Wars Date 53 BC Location Near Carrhae (Harran) Result Decisive Parthian victory Belligerents Roman Republic Parthian Empire Commanders and leaders Marcus Licinius Crassus† Publius Licinius Crassus† Gaius Cassius Longinus Surena Strength 35,000 legionaries 4,000 cavalry 4,000 light infantry 9,000 horse archers 1,000 cataphracts Casualties and losses 20,000 dead 10,000 captured 10,000 escaped c. 100 v t e Roman–Persian Wars Roman–Parthian Wars Carrhae Cilician Gates Amanus Pass Mt Gindarus Mark Antony's campaigns Armenian War of 58–63 Trajan's Parthian campaign Lucius Verus' campaigns 2nd Ctesiphon Nisibis Roman–Sassanid Wars Resaena Misiche Barbalissos Edessa Satala Singara Amida 3rd Ctesiphon Samarra Byzantine–Sassanid Wars War of 421–422 Anastasian War Iberian

Tags:Amida, Armenia, Armenian, Battle of Carrhae, Byzantine, Caesar, Carrhae, Crassus, Ctesiphon, Edessa, Iberian, Mesopotamia, Nisibis, Parthia, Parthian, Parthian Empire, Persian, Pompey, Roman, Rome, Samarra, Sassanid, Senate, Surena, Trajan, Turkey, Wikipedia




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