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Bangladeshi

بنگلادشي


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citizen of Bangladesh; native of Bangladesh (Wikipedia) - Bangladeshi people   (Redirected from Bangladeshi) "Bangladeshi" redirects here. For other uses, see Bangladeshi (disambiguation).This article is about people from Bangladesh as an ethnic identity and nation. For information on the population of Bangladesh, see Demographics of Bangladesh. Bangladeshis বাংলাদেশী Total population Regions with significant populations  Bangladesh  Saudi Arabia  United Arab Emirates  United Kingdom  Malaysia  Kuwait  United States  South Korea  Bahrain  Oman  Australia  Canada  Italy    Nepal  Japan Languages Religion
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Begum Sufia Kamal Kazi Nazrul Islam Muhammad Yunus
Humayun Ahmed Irene Khan Muhammad Qudrat-i-Khuda Jasimuddin
Brojen Das Zainul Abedin Kamal Hossain Ziaur Rahman
Shakib Al Hasan
166 million approx. 2.28% of the world''s population
166,280,712
~ 1,000,000
~ 1,090,000
~ 500,000
~ 230,000
~ 150,000
~ 143,619
~ 130,000
~ 120,000
~ 115,000
52,920
~ 24,595
~ 35,000
~ 23,000
~ 11,000
Bengali and Indigenous minority languages
Islam 86% Hinduism 12% Buddhism 1% Christianity and others (such as Animists and non-religious) 0.4%.
Culture of Bangladesh Religion
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History
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Bangladeshi people or Bangladeshis (বাংলাদেশী) are people who are citizens of Bangladesh. Bangladesh is largely ethnically homogeneous. Indeed, its name derives from the Bengali ethno-linguistic group, which comprises 98% of the countries population. They possess a rich culture and a language of their own called Bengali (বাংলা Bangla). The Chittagong Hill Tracts, Sylhet, Mymensingh and North Bengal divisions are home to diverse indigenous peoples. Today substantial populations with Bangladeshi ancestry exist in many different parts of the world as a result of emigration, notably in the Middle East, Japan, Malaysia, United Kingdom and United States. Population estimates of the diaspora vary from a conservative 7 million to 10 million people.

Contents

Ethnic groups Main article: Ethnic groups in Bangladesh

The vast majority (about 98.5%) of Bangladeshis are of the Bengali ethno-linguistic group. This group also spans the neighboring Indian province of West Bengal. Minority ethnic groups include Meitei, Khasi, Santhals, Chakma, Garo (tribe), Biharis, Oraons, Mundas and Rohingyas.

Bangladesh''s tribal population was enumerated at 897,828 in the 1981 census. These tribes are concentrated in the Chittagong Hill Tracts and around Mymensingh, Sylhet, and Rajshahi. They are of Sino-Tibetan descent and differ markedly in their social customs, religion, language and level of development. They speak Tibeto-Burman languages and most are Buddhist or Hindu. The four largest tribes are Chakmas, Marmas, Tipperas and Mros. Smaller groups include the Santals in Rajshahi and Dinajpur, and Khasis, Garos, and Khajons in Mymensingh and Sylhet regions.

There are small communities of Meitei people in the Sylhet district, which is close to the Meitei homeland across the border in Manipur, India.

Culture Main article: Culture of Bangladesh Languages Main article: Languages of Bangladesh

Although Bangladesh is home to 38 different languages, Bengali (Bangla) serves as the lingua franca of the nation, with 98% of Bangladeshis fluent in Standard Bengali or Bengali dialects as their first language. English, though not having official status, is prevalent across government, law, business, media and education, and can be regarded as the de facto co-official language of Bangladesh.

The indigenous people of northern and southeastern Bangladesh speak a variety of native languages, notably Chakma and Shantali. The languages of those region are members of the Tibeto-Burman, Austroasiatic, and Dravidian families.

Religion Main article: Religion in Bangladesh

The majority of Bangladeshis are Muslims constitute 86.6% of the population, followed by Hindus, who constitute 12.1%, Buddhists 1%, and Christians, those who practice other religions and those who do not are the remainders. Religion has always been a strong part of identity, but this has varied at different times. A survey in late 2003 confirmed that religion is the first choice by a citizen for self-identification. According to a government-published article, atheism is extremely rare.

Diaspora Main article: Bangladeshi diaspora Notable people Main article: List of Bangladeshi people

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