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Ardebil

Ardabil

اردبیل ، آرتاویل


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Ardebil is a city NW Iran in E Azerbaijan region.Ardebil is a historical city. The name Ardebil probably comes from the Zoroastrian name of "Artavil" which means a holy place. Ardebil is the center of Ardebil Province. The dominant majority of whom are ethnic Azerbaijanis. Notable for its silk and carpet trade tradition, the ancient Ardebil Carpets are considered some of the best of the classical Persian carpet creations. Ardebil is also known as the seat of a World Heritage Site: the sanctuary and tomb of Sheikh Safiadddin, eponym of the Safavid Dynasty.Ardebil is about 70 km from the Caspian Sea, 210 km from the city of Tabriz. It has an average altitude of 1263 m and total area of 18.011 km².Neighboring on the Caspian Sea and the Republic of Azerbaijan, this city is of great political and economical significance.The province of Ardebil has been blessed with splendid natural beauty and numerous sights.It is located on an open plain 1,500 m above sea level, just east of Mount Sabalan (4,811 m), where cold spells occur until late spring.HistoryShah IsmailThe province is believed to be as old as the Achaemenid (ca. 550–330 BC). It is mentioned in the Avesta, where Prophet Zoroaster was born by the river Aras and wrote his book in the Sabalan Mountains. During Parthian era the city had a special importance among the cities of Azarbaijan. Some Muslim historians attribute foundation of Ardebil to king Pirouz 1st of Sassanid Empire. The Persian poet Ferdowsi also credits the foundation of the city to Pirouz I. Ardebil suffered some damages caused by occasional raids of Huns between 4th to 6th century AD. Pirouz repaired those damages and fortified the city. Pirouz made Ardebil the residential of provincial governor (Marzban: Border Keeper) of Azarbaijan.During the Arab conquest of Iran, Ardebil was the largest city in North Western Iran, and remained so until the Mongol invasion period. Ardebilis fought the Mongols three times; however the city fell after the third attempt by Mongols. They massacred not only the Ardebil residents but inhabitants of neighboring villages and killing everyone they could find. Incursions of Mongols and Georgians left the city in ruins for nearly three centuries till the advent of Safavids.Safavid Shah Ismail 1st started his campaign to nationalize Iran's government and land from here, but consequently announced Tabriz as his capital in AD 1500. Yet Ardebil remained an important city both politically and economically until modern times. She was sacked by Ottomans 14 times between 1514–722 and in 1915 and by Russians in 1813, 1828 and in 1916.On 28 February 1997, a destructive earthquake hit the Ardebil area. At least 965 people were killed, 2,600 injured, 36,000 homeless, 12,000 houses damaged or destroyed and 160,000 livestock were killed. Severe damage was observed to roads, electrical power lines, communications and water distribution systems around Ardebil. Climate is cold and semi-arid; many tourists come to the region for its relatively

Tags:Achaemenid, Arab, Aras, Ardebil, Avesta, Azarbaijan, Azerbaijan, Border, Caspian, Caspian Sea, Dynasty, Ferdowsi, Huns, Iran, Mongol, Muslim, Parthian, Persian, Pirouz, Safavid, Safavid Dynasty, Sassanid, Shah, Shah Ismail, Sheikh, Tabriz, Zoroaster, Zoroastrian




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