آراکوزیا ، رخج،آراخوزیا،هرانوتیش
Arachosia is an ancient province in eastern
Persian Empire consisting of
Kandahar and Quetta along the Helmand and
Tarnak rivers in the southwest of modern
Afghanistan. Arachosia was a satrapy of the
Achaemenid empire (Kandahar in modern Afghanistan) along the Tarnak River. The region is part of the road from the west of
Iran across the mountains to the
Indus valley. Arachosia is situated between
Drangiana on the lower Helmond in the southwest, the mountains and valley of
Gandara in the north and
Sattagydia in the east. In the Arachosian capital, Kapishakanish (modern Kandahar), the road divides: a traveler coming from the west can go upstream along the Tarnak to modern
Kabul and the Punjab, or to the southeast, across the Bolan pass to the lower Indus.
After the Sacae, the country was called Sakestan, from which the modern name
Sistan is derived.
Wikipedia) - Arachosia is the Latinized form of
Greek name of an Achaemenid and
Seleucid governorate in the eastern part of their respective empires, and that was inhabited by the
Iranian Arachosians or Arachoti. The Greek term "Arachosia" corresponds to the Iranian land of Harauti which is southeastern Afghanistan and southwestern
Pakistan extending eastwards to the western bank of the Indus River (see geography for details). Its center lay in what is today the Arghandab District of Afghanistan. Arachosia For the spider genus, see Anyphaenid sac spider.The ancient Arachosia and the Pactyan people during 500 BC.
Arachosia is the Hellenized name of an ancient satrapy in the eastern part of the Achaemenid, Seleucid and Parthian empires. Arachosia was centred around Arghandab valley in modern-day southern Afghanistan, and extended east to as far as the Indus River in modern-day Pakistan. The main river of Arachosia was called Arachōtós, now known as the Arghandab River, a tributary of the Helmand River. The Greek term "Arachosia" corresponds to the Aryan land of Harauti which was around modern-day Helmand. The Arachosian capital or metropolis was called Alexandria and laid in what is today Kandahar in Afghanistan.
The inhabitants of Arachosia were Afghan people, referred to as Arachosians or Arachoti. They were called Paktyans by ethnicity, and that name survives until today in the form of ethnic Pakhtun (Pashtun) tribes. Herodotus has mentioned the Afridi Pashtun tribe as Aparytae in the 1st millennium BC.
- 1 Name
- 2 Geography
- 3 Peoples
- 4 History
- 5 Religion
- 6 Theory of Croatian Iranian origin
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
"Arachosia" is the Latinized form of Greek Ἀραχωσία - Arachōsíā. "The same region appears in the Avestan Vidēvdāt (1.12) under the indigenous dialect form Haraxvaitī- (whose -axva- is typical non-Avestan)." In Old Persian inscriptions, the region is referred to as