|Coordinates: 36°28′11″N 52°21′03″E / 36.46972°N 52.35083°E / 36.46972; 52.35083Coordinates: 36°28′11″N 52°21′03″E / 36.46972°N 52.35083°E / 36.46972; 52.35083|
|21 km2 (8 sq mi)|
|76 m (249 ft)|
|11,000/km2 (28,000/sq mi)|
Amol (Persian: آمل – ; pronunciation (help·info); also Romanized as Āmol and Amul) is a city in and the administrative center of Amol County, Mazandaran Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, the population of the city proper was 197,470, in 55,183 families.
Amol is located on the Haraz river bank. It is less than 20 kilometres (12 mi) south of the Caspian sea and less than 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) north of the Alborz mountains. It is 180 kilometres (110 mi) from Tehran, and 60 kilometres (37 mi) west of the provincial administrative center, Sari.Contents
Amol is an old city, with a history dating back to the Amards. Amards were the people inhabiting the area before the arrival of Aryans, who had migrated to and settled on the Iranian Plateau from the late 2nd millennium BCE to early 1st millennium BCE. Many scholars believe that the city''s name is rooted in the word Amard (Amui in Pahlavi).
According to historical literature, Amol was the capital of Mazandaran, at least in the period starting from the 3rd century CE under Sassanian Empire to the 13/14th century CE under the Ilkhanate dynasty of Mongol Empire.
Some historians in the past have associated this ancient city with the periods of the first Persian mythological dynasties of Aryan people, the Pishdadians and the Kianians.
The inhabitants of Amol embraced Islam during the reign of Mahdi (775–785 CE), the Abbasi Caliph, after which Islamic structures came into focus here.
After the Mongol invasion, the region was subject to devastation and it was during this time that Sary was declared as capital. In the beginning of the 7th century AH (14th century CE), Hessam-edin Ardeshir, shifted the capital from Sary to Amol, and constructed his palace there. But in 795 AH (1392/1393 AD), the cities of Amol and Sary were plundered by Amir Teimoor Gurkani, and thereafter Amol suffered a setback.
The great Islamic scholar and religious personality (translator of The Holy Qoran), Mohammad Ebne Jarir Tabari is from Amol. The modern city of Amol stands to the north of the site of the ancient city.
In January 1982 Amol was the site of a failed armed insurrection against Iran''s Islamist government by Sarbedaran, the armed wing of the Union of Iranian Communists.
Today, Amol is a thriving modern metropolis.
The extent of the Parthian Empire (shaded territory)
Map of the Median Empire (600 BC) showing the relative locations of the Amardian tribe
Map of the Alavid emirate with Amol as their capital
The population history of the city proper is as follows. All figures are official census figures from the Iranian Statistics Institute.
Breakdown of 2006 census:
Amol is the administrative center of the Amol county in the Iranian province of Mazandaran, consisting of two county districts: the central district and Larijan. The administrative center of the Larijan district is Rineh.
Many of the Amoli people have their own summer houses in Larijan, the mountainous southern part of the county. Some of the villages in Larijan include: Ab Ask, Abgarm, Amiri, Baijan, Chelav, Era, Gazaneh, Lasem, Namarestagh, Nava, Nyak, Polour, Rineh, and Shahandasht.Historical and Tourist and Natural attractions
Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as hot-summer Mediterranean (Csa).
|13.1 (55.6)||12.5 (54.5)||12.4 (54.3)||16.2 (61.2)||23.7 (74.7)||27.7 (81.9)||28.7 (83.7)||30.3 (86.5)||25.9 (78.6)||23.2 (73.8)||18.9 (66)||15.1 (59.2)||20.64 (69.17)|
|8.7 (47.7)||8.1 (46.6)||8.2 (46.8)||11.9 (53.4)||19.1 (66.4)||21.9 (71.4)||24 (75)||25.4 (77.7)||21.1 (70)||18.4 (65.1)||13.8 (56.8)||10.2 (50.4)||15.9 (60.61)|
|4.4 (39.9)||3.8 (38.8)||4 (39)||7.7 (45.9)||14.6 (58.3)||16.2 (61.2)||19.3 (66.7)||20.6 (69.1)||16.3 (61.3)||13.6 (56.5)||8.7 (47.7)||5.4 (41.7)||11.22 (52.18)|
|96 (3.78)||80 (3.15)||74 (2.91)||69 (2.72)||31 (1.22)||27 (1.06)||27 (1.06)||36 (1.42)||87 (3.43)||97 (3.82)||97 (3.82)||108 (4.25)||829 (32.64)|
|Source: Climate-Data.org, altitude: 96m|
Most Amoli people speak the Mazandarani language Tabari as a mother tongue. Persian is the most common language spoken in Iran.Higher education
Amol has three universities:
The Jungle Uprising (Persian: قيام جنگل): In 1982 Union of Iranian Communists (Sarbedaran) mobilized its forces to jungles around Amol and started some wars against Islamic Republic from there. It finally organized a famous uprising in 25 January 1982. This uprising led to a big failure and most of UIC (S) leaders were hanged but the uprising itself became very famous and is well respected between some Iranian Leftist organizations.As the administrative center of Amol county
Amol is the administrative center of Amol county.
|Caspian Sea Mahmood Abad Noor Babolsar Babol Tehran Tehran Dabu- -dasht Central Larijan Mount Damavand Amol Rineh|
|Central||Amol City (c)|
|Bala Khiyaban-e Litkuh RD||Derazan, Haloomesar, Oskoo Mahalleh (c), Ziarood, ...|
|Pain Khiyaban-e Litkuh RD||Hali Koti, Kelaksar, Marandeh (c), ...|
|Chelav RD||Alimestan, Khoshevash, Kondeva, Lehash, Neshel, Razeke (c), Tiar, ...|
|Harazpey-ye Jonubi RD||Ahangar Kola, Aski Mahalleh, Kamangar Kola, Pasha Kola, Qadi Mahalleh (c), Qoroq, ...|
|Larijan||Rineh City (c)|
|Bala Larijan RD||Ab Ask, Abgarm, Akha, Amir Abad, Dinan, Enheh, Garna, Gazaneh, Gilas, Ira, Kenar Anjam, Kondeloo, Lasem, Lazirak, Malar, Nava, Niak, Polemoon, Poloor, Shahandasht, Shams Abad, Vana, Ziar, ...|
|Larijan-e Sofla RD||Baijan (c), Haji Dela, Namar, Panjab, ...|
|Dabudasht||Dabudasht City (c)|
|Dabuy-ye Jonubi RD||Darzi Kola, Kachap, Kamangar Kola, Raees Abad (c), Rash Kola, ...|
|Dasht-e Sar RD||Baliran, Ejbar Kola, Firooz Kola, Najjar Mahalleh (c), Pasha Kola, ...|
Kaleh Amol VC is a volleyball club based in Amol, currently competing in the highest tier of the Iranian volleyball classification, the Iranian Volleyball Super League. Kaleh also has a basketball team named Kalleh Amol Basketball.Wrestling and volleyball
Amol is the birthplace of many popular wrestlers and Volleyball athletes.
Notable wrestlers from Amol include Ghasem Rezaei (Olympic gold medalist), Ali Akbari, Mohsen Hajipour, Nahavandian and in volleyball, Behroz Ataei, Hasan Mansouri, Khowrasani, Adel Gholami, Khosro Ghobadi, Shah Gholam, Alireza Jadidi and Heshmat Omidi.HotelsSpace Hotel